Photography

5 Secrets Every Photographer Should Know

I am regularly asked about the so-called “secrets” behind photography work. Since I believe in sharing knowledge, I am unveiling some of the crucial moments I generally consider during my process.

1. Gear, Motivation, and Imagination

By gear, I don’t mean having the best camera and lens on the planet. How many amazing photographs do we see regularly with older or budget equipment? Knowing your equipment very well beats not having a hundred megapixel sensor. Ask yourself: Where are the dials? How and what do they perform? How might they be changed to give me the best performance? Which is the sweet spot of my lens? Knowing such things to create a more comfortable and confident mood whenever I shoot. How many times have you missed a moment because the camera was off, or the lens cap was on, or the ISO was too high, or you didn’t switch over to a particular mode rapidly? I’m certain this has all happened to us.

Inspiration plays a big role in our work. We all lose it sometimes, but we should always figure out a way to grab our gear, feel confident enough to go somewhere, and compose pixels on our cards. Forms of art, such as a piece of music, a person, a book, a movie, can all trigger your motivation for photography.

Imagination has consistently been a nightmare to me. A large number of my friends laugh about this or think I’m kidding, but the truth is I consider myself to be an unimaginative person. Maybe it’s because I came into photography in my late thirties, or it’s my own character, but I generally have a difficult time building my imagination. How do I discover it? The secret is, there’s no exact formula. You either have imagination within you or you don’t. I still try to shoot and compose as many images as I can, discovering inspiration in them, and hoping they will set off my imagination.


To tap into this more, I generally sit down with a notebook and I write down my thoughts that I could combine in a single image in future.

2. Framing the Scene

A key moment is framing your scene, particularly when you’re shooting on the spot. Many would say this one is entirely obvious, but the way you see and capture the moment that your viewfinder (or the back display) has framed is very important. Seeing through your viewfinder creates another dimension. There are numerous variables in your camera (like sensor, lens angle, height, and many others) that make your framing different from what you see with your very own eyes. The most ideal approach to see and spot a scene is by looking through that square created by your viewfinder. It creates a vision in our mind and leads our own eyes to a specific world.

This moment is very challenging and motivational. It permits you to discover and explore methods of deciding what you think is truly significant in your shot. So the initial step is to analyze the moment. Discover why you want to capture a particular scene.

This article isn’t about composition rules, however you still have a lot of ways to create beautiful compositions. The most common of all is the Rule of Thirds. Different rules like Leading Lines and Depth are what I often use a lot in my own work. Taken separately, or combined, these techniques often deliver an amazing way to compose a great scene. For instance, if you want to create depth in a landscape, you need to include a variety of scales in your composition. For this to work, you will need proportions by giving a sense of different scales between the foreground and background. Another important thing is the light, another factor you must use to improve your scene.

Don’t be afraid these tips. You´ll be surprised with how much they will help your work, trust me.

3. Keep It Simple

Simplicity is the most significant rule that I always try to achieve. It could be a matter of personal taste. I’m not attracted to pictures charged with so many elements going on. They could distract the viewer, making it hard to understand the purpose of a photograph.

Our mind decides almost instinctively if the picture is pleasant or not. When you share or show your photograph, you have a small window (let’s say about 10-15 seconds) to grab the viewer’s attention. Making a simple atmosphere that your viewer could relate to gives you extra time. Afterwards, your viewer may begin to connect with your photograph. There’s no better reward, at least to me, than when someone says to me, “I can´t stop looking at your image.”

I never use more then 3 subjects or elements in my work. Anything beyond that becomes a slippery slope to distraction. Including negative space (or an empty area) gives your picture some room for the subject to breathe and reinforces your subject’s main role. So the greater an picture is, the less elements it will have within the frame. It’s an opposite proportionality rule.

The same line of thinking should be applied to colors. A simple color palette with subtle tanning differences is much better then a vast array of coloring. Again, the simplicity principle is applied to the brightest area and shadows in your picture. The subject should be clearly seen above the rest of elements in the frame.

4. How Color Looks in Various Devices, and Color Harmony

I find out about color schemes and the accuracy of our screens the hard way. Thanks to the current computer I use for my image editing, I recently realized how inaccurate my previous computer screen was. There are many devices on the market to assist you find a better experience. Nothing still beats a powerful monitor that is fully calibrated. And if you print your own photographs, you should take this incredible step even more.

On the other hand, there’s another secret you should know about. I generally see my pictures in two or three devices, with a different scale. I do this for two reasons. First, to get an idea of what viewers will see on their screens. Second, to see how good a photograph looks in a smaller scale. If the photo gets my instant attention on my mobile phone, it means it has potential.

Furthermore, you need to discover Color Harmony. Finding and capturing the most pleasing color scheme isn’t simple. There are many theories around this subject. Some defend the utilization of analogous colors (the closest on the color wheel), while others are all about the opposite or complementary colors. The first ones are generally found in nature, and they’re pleasing to the eye. In my work, I tend to go with the opposite method when I need something to stand out. I also apply other color combinations, such as the triad, the rectangular, the square, and the split complementary. All are based on shapes you can discover in the color wheel. There are many sites that can help you get this done in an exact manner.

5. How to Give Meaning to Your Photo. Plus, How to Add a Title and Description

This is those of us who like to share photographs on the web, and want to have our work seen by a large number of people. Our goal is to create and seek an emotional response from our viewers. Attempt to show your very best work. I’m not talking strictly about only showing photos with the finest details, sharpness, and flawless technique. If those are the only things that matter, then what’s the use of having the perfect photo when it has no deeper meaning?

Instead of shooting a photo of a beautiful person just because she or he is lovely, why don’t you create a visual story together with her or him? Adding a prop or a first-person perspective to your shot will bring a deeper meaning to your photograph. If your photo has some negative space in the composition, your viewer will connect with your shot instantly. This can elicit emotion and intimacy in their minds. So try shooting different distances between you and your subject, as well as play with light from several angles. You’ll be surprised how a simple shadow can completely change an picture.

A young woman using a DSLR camera

There’s a lot of controversy about giving titles to pictures. Some photographers think it deceives the viewer and limits the viewing experience by giving a recommendation of how an picture should be read from the beginning. I remember a friend of mine declaring, “A photo should speak for itself,” so it doesn’t need a title or a description. A title could distract your viewers. But here’s why I disagree with all that. I don’t upload a lot of pictures on photo communities like 500px. I just upload one image every week, because I shoot only a few and I only want to display my best work. So every single picture I post is the result of a lot of interactions that I need to explain to my followers and viewers.

I feel the same way about giving a title to a photograph. I spend a lot of time finding a title that is great, and will trigger curiosity in a potential viewer. A title could also permit a discussion or debate. When someone commented on my photograph, “Nothing Left to Lose” and said it was such a beautiful image and it didn’t deserve that title, I replied to him explaining what I really meant by it. So it was a bonus for me that my photo encouraged this kind of conversation.

I hope that you discover these ideas I’ve shared helpful, and you have positive feedback for me. Simply keep me posted about it in the comments below or join my Facebook Page, Talent Show India. Happy shooting!

About the author

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